INCLUSION STRATEGIES THAT WORK
Valuable and Applicable Things to Do in All Classrooms on a Daily Basis
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- Establish prior knowledge.
- Preplan lessons with structured objectives, but also allow for inter/post planning.
- Proceed from the simple to the complex by using discrete task analysis, which breaks up the learning into its parts.
- Use a step-by-step approach, teaching in small bites, with much practice and repetition.
- Reinforce abstract concepts with concrete examples, such as looking at a map while learning compass directions or walking around a neighborhood to read street signs.
- Think about possible accommodations and modifications that might be needed such as using a digital recorder for notes, reducing the amount of spelling words, and having enrichment assignments prepared.
- Incorporate sensory elements: visual, auditory, and kinesthetic ones, like writing letters in salt trays or creating acute, right, and obtuse angles with chopsticks.
- Teach to strengths to help students compensate for weaknesses such as hopping to math facts, if a child loves to move about, but hates numbers.
- Concentrate on individual children, not syndromes.
- Provide opportunities for success to build self-esteem.
- Give positives before negatives.
- Use modeling with both teachers and peers.
- Vary types of instruction and assessment, with multiple intelligences and cooperative learning.
- Relate learning to children's lives using interest inventories.
- Remember the basics such as teaching students proper hygiene, social skills, respecting others, effectively listening, or reading directions on a worksheet, in addition to the 3R's: Reading, wRiting and aRithmetic.
- Establish a pleasant classroom environment that encourages students to ask questions and become actively involved in their learning.
- Increase students' self-awareness of levels and progress.
- Effectively communicate and collaborate with families, students and colleagues, while smiling; it's contagious☺☺☺☺☺
Source: Karten, T. (2010). Inclusion strategies that work! Research-based methods for the classroom (2nd Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press